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xijinping:jingqueshuxihezhangwozhongchijiujingjishehuichengzhangyanzhongtimu

作者:《求是》2021年第02期      阅读次数:      宣布时候:2021-01-16

精确熟悉和掌握中持久经济社会成长严重题目※

习近平

  mingtian,zanmenzhaokaijingjishehuifanchouzhuanjiamantanhui,tingtingdashidui“shisiwu”dasuantilidedingjianhechangyi。lieximingtianmantanhuide,jiyoujingjixuejia,yeyoushehuixuejia。shicai,zhuanjiaxuezhemenzuolehenhaodefayan。dashiconggezizhuanyefanchoudongshen,dui“shisiwu”qijianchengzhanghuanjing、sixu、shiming、xingdongtichulehenyoudaijiadedingjianhechangyi,tinglehenshoukaidao,canhuideqiyuzhuanjiatijiaoleshumianfayan,qingyouguanfangmianyantaojieshou。shangmian,wojiujingqueshuxihezhangwozhongchijiujingjishehuichengzhangyanzhongtimujiangdiandingjian。

  yongzhongchijiudasuanzhidianjingjishehuichengzhang,shizanmendangzhiguolizhengdeyizhongshouyaotili。cong1953nianqitou,woguoyitilishixingle13gewuniandasuan(dasuan),cizhongdingxinkaifangyilaitilishixing8ge,wulibiancelejingjishehuichengzhang、zongheguolijinsheng、gongminhukougailiang,dizaoleshisuohanyoudejingjijisuchengzhanggujiheshehuichijiububianguji。xianshizhengshi,zhongchijiuchengzhangdasuanjinengchongshichanyangshichangzaizibenshezhishebeibaishezhongdejueyixingganhua,younenggenghaochanyangdangjuganhua。

  “shisiwu”qijianshiwoguozhouquanjianchengxiaokangshehui、wanchengdiyigebainiandouzhengfangzhenjinhou,chengshiershangkaiqizhouquanfuzhishehuizhuyigudaihuaguoduxinzhengcheng、xiangdiergebainiandouzhengfangzhenjinjundediyigewunian,woguojiangjinruxinchengzhangjieduan。fanshiyuzeli,buyuzefei。zanmenyaozheyanjiuyuan、zhangwojushi,kaimenwence、quncequnli,yantaoxinhuanjing、zuochuxindasuan。

  diyi,yibianzhengsiweiduidaixinchengzhangjieduandexinjiyuanxintiaoxin。dangdeshijiudayilai,wolvcijiang,xianjintianxiazhengpailibainianweiyouzhidabianju。jinhou,xinguanfeiyanyiqinghuanqiudafengxingshizheigedabianjujiasubiangeng,yanhuzhuyi、danbianzhuyihuisheng,tianxiajingjidimi,huanqiucaichanliangongyinglianyinfeijingjishenfenermianduidaji,guojijingji、keji、wenming、ningjing、zhengzhidengkuanshidouzaichanshengshenqiediaoji,tianxiajinrudongluanbiangengqi。cihouyigeqijian,zanmenjiangmianduigengduoshunfengshunshuideneibuhuanjing,bixuzuohaoyingdayixiliexindeweixiantiaoxindechouban。

  2020nian8yue24ri,zhonggongzhongjianzongbugao、guoduzhuxi、zhongjianjunweizhuxixijinpingzaizhongnanhaizhangguanzhaokaijingjishehuifanchouzhuanjiamantanhuibingbanfashouyaofayan。xinhuashejizhelixueren/she

  guojichengzhanghuanjingyelvlizheshenqiebiangeng。woguoyijinrugaopinzhichengzhangjieduan,shehuishouyaodichuyizhuanhuaweigongminriquzengjiadekuajiaohukouxuyaohebupinghengbuchongshidechengzhangzhijiandedichu,renjunguojichuchanzongzhidaoda1wanmeiyuan,chengzhenhualvkuayue60%,zhongdengzhichuquntikuayue4yiren,gongminduikuajiaohukoudeqingqiubushiqianjin。woguoguizhishangfengjiaozhe,guanlixiaolijinsheng,jingjichijiuxianghao,wuzidiziboruo,renlizibenfengshuo,shichangkongjianguangmo,chengzhangrenxingzhuangda,shehuidajububian,yanxuchengzhangjubeiduofangmianshangfengheqianti。tongshi,woguochengzhangbupinghengbuchongshitimuyirantuqi,liyicainengbushunyinggaopinzhichengzhangqingqiu,nongyedizihaibuanding,chengxiangdiyuchengzhanghezhichufenpaichayijiaoda,shengtaihuanbaorenzhongdaoyuan,minshengbaozhengcunzaiduanban,shehuiguanlilingyouruoxiang。

  zongzhi,jinruxinchengzhangjieduan,guojiwaihuanjingdeshenqiebiangengjidailaiyixiliexinjiyuan,yedailaiyixiliexintiaoxin,shiweijibingcun、weizhongwuji、weikeqise。zanmenyaobianzhengshuxihezhangwoguojiwaijushi,jianguzhonghuaminzupangdahuifujimouquanjuhetianxiabainianweiyouzhidabianju,shenqieshuxiwoguoshehuishouyaodichuchengzhangbiangengdailaidexintedianxinqingqiu,shenqieshuxicuozongpangzadeguojihuanjingdailaidexindichuxintiaoxin,zengqiangjiyuanshuxiheweixianshuxi,jingqueshibian、mixinyingbian、zidongqiubian,ganyukaiyingfengchuan,zhangyuzhuanweiweiji,jinliwanchenggenggaopinzhi、gengyouyonglv、jiabeigongyun、gengkeyanxu、jiabeiningjingdechengzhang。

  dier,yitongshungongminjingjilunhuiweizhugoujianxinchengzhangkuanshi。bennianyilai,wolvcijiang,yaobiancegouchengyiguojidalunhuiweizhuti、guojiguojishuanglunhuibicizengjindexinchengzhangkuanshi。zheigexinchengzhangkuanshishianzhaowoguochengzhangjieduan、huanjing、qiantibiangengtichulaide,shizhongsuwoguoguojixiezuohexiezuoxinshangfengdejimoujueyi。bilaijinianlai,genzheneibuhuanjinghewoguochengzhangsuojubeideyinsutianbingdebiangeng,shichanghezibenliangduanzaiwaideguojidalunhuidongnengjiaozhexueruo,erwoguojixuqianlibushikaishi,guojidalunhuihuoqiriquweiruo,keguanshangyouzhecixiaobizhangdetaishi。duizheigekeguanjingxiang,xianshijietingzhileliangduohuishang,keyihuoxuyanxushenqieyantao,bingtichuyikongzhijian。

  zi2008nianguojijinrongweijiyilai,woguojingjiyizaixiangyiguojidalunhuiweizhutizhuanbian,changchangmingmushunchatongguojichuchanzongzhidebilvyou2007niande9.9%jiangzhicikedebudao1%,guojixuyaoduijingjizengjiadejinxianlvyou7genianfenkuayue100%。jianglaiyigeqijian,guojishichangzhudaogongminjingjilunhuitedianhuijiabeijiaozhe,jingjizengjiadeneixuqianlihuibushikaishi。zanmenyaoduizhigongyingcebujuxingdingxinzheigejimoubiaodemude,niuzhukuozhanneixuzheigejimoujidian,shichuchan、fenpai、changtong、huafeigengduoyikaoguojishichang,jinshenggongyingxitongduiguojixuyaodeshipeixing,gouchengxuyaoqianyingongying、gongyingdizaoxuyaodegenggaochengdujingtaipingheng。

  guran,xinchengzhangkuanshijuebushifengsuodeguojilunhui,ershikaifangdeguojiguojishuanglunhui。woguozaitianxiajingjizhongdeweizhijiangyanxuhuisheng,tongtianxiajingjidejieqiahuijiabeishenmi,weiqiyuguodugongyingdeshichangjiyujiangjiabeiguangmo,chengweixishouguojishangpinheyinsuzibendepangdayinlichang。

  disan,yikejiliyicuishengxinchengzhangdongneng。wanchenggaopinzhichengzhang,bixuwanchengyikaoliyiqudongdeneizaixingzengjia。zanmengengyaodinglijinshengzililiyicaineng,jinkuaichongpoguantoujiaodianshouyi。zheishiganxiwoguochengzhangquanjudeyanzhongtimu,yeshigouchengyiguojidalunhuiweizhutideguantou。

  zanmenyaochongshichanyangwoguoshehuizhuyiguizhikeyihuoxujiheqilibandashidejiaozheshangfeng,dahaoguantoujiaodianshouyigongjianzhan。yaoyikaowoguochaodafanweishichanghewanzhengcaichanxitong,dizaoyouyiyuxinshouyijisudafanweiliyonghediedaijinjideguaiyishangfeng,jiasukejigongxiaoxiangxianshichuchanlizhuanhua,jinshengcaichanlianchengdu,yanhucaichanlianningjing。yaochanyangqiyezaishouyiliyizhongdezhutiganhua,shiqiyechengweiliyiyinsujicheng、kejigongxiaozhuanhuadexinqili,dazaokeji、jiaodao、caichan、jinrongshenmironghuideliyixitong。diziyantaoshiliyidequanyuansishui,zanmenyaojiadatouru,gudongmianlichijiuduizhihedoudanmosuo,weifuzhikejiqiangguohangshidizi。yaodinglipeiyuheyinjinguojiyiliurencaihekeyantuandui,jiadakeyandanyuandingxinlidu,zuidaxianzhibiangengkeyanzhiyuandezhudongxing,qianjinkejichanchuxiaoli。yaoduizhikaifangliyi,zengqiangguojikejijiaohuanxiezuo。

  2020nian11yue12rizhi13ri,zhonggongzhongjianzongbugao、guoduzhuxi、zhongjianjunweizhuxixijinpingzaijiangsukaocha。zheishi13rixiazhanshu,xijinpingzaiyangzhoushijiangdoushuiliguantouzhanting,tihuinanshuibeidiaodongxiangongchengdasuanfuzhiheyunzhuanhuanjing。xinhuashejizhexiehuanchi/she

  disi,yishenqiedingxinjiqixinchengzhanghuoqi。dingxinshishufuhechengzhangshehuichuchanlideguantou,shibianceguoduchengzhangdedizinengyuan。woguodingxinyitingzhi40duonian,huodehuanqiugongrendepangdachengji。shehuishibushichengzhangde,diaolishehuiganxiheshehuigoudangdexitongtilijizhisuizhibushiwanmei,cainengbushishunyingshufuhechengzhangshehuichuchanlideqingqiu。

  genzhewoguomairuxinchengzhangjieduan,dingxinyemianduixindeshiming,bixunachugengdadeyongqi、gengduodexingdongfeichushentiaolixitongtilijizhifangai,duizhihewanmeizhongguotedianshehuizhuyiguizhi,bianceguoduguanlixitongheguanlicainenggudaihua。zanmenyaoshouzhengliyi、kaipiliyi,doudanmosuobenshenjianglaichengzhangzhilu。yaoduizhihewanmeishehuizhuyigenjijingjiguizhi,shishichangzaizibenshezhishebeibaishezhongqijueyixingganhua,genghaochanyangdangjuganhua,yingjianchijiububiankeyuqideguizhihuanjing。yaozengqiangchanquanhechangshichanquanyanhu,fuzhigaoguifanshichangxitong,wanmeigongyunxiezuoguizhi,jiqishichangzhutichengzhanghuoqi,shitongtongyouyiyushehuichuchanlichengzhangdeqiliyuanquanchongshiyongliu。

  diwu,yigaochengduduiwaikaifangdazaoguojixiezuohexiezuoxinshangfeng。jinhou,guojishehuiduijingjihuanqiuhuayuanjingyoubushaodanyou。zanmenyiwei,guojijingjiliantonghelaiwanghaishitianxiajingjichengzhangdekeguanqingqiu。woguojingjiyanxujisuchengzhangdeyigeshouyaonengyuanbianshiduiwaikaifang。duiwaikaifangshigenjiguoce,zanmenyaozhouquanqianjinduiwaikaifangchengdu,fuzhigenggaochengdukaifangxingjingjixinxitongtili,gouchengguojixiezuohexiezuoxinshangfeng。yaozhudongdaochanghuanqiujingjiguanlixitongdingxin,biancewanmeijiabeigongyungongdaodeguojijingjiguanlixitong。

  jinhou,zaibianceduiwaikaifangzhongyaozhongshiliangdian:yishidanfanqingyuantongzanmenxiezuodeguodu、diyuheqiye,baohanmeiguodezhou、chusuoheqiye,zanmendouyaozhudongzhankaixiezuo,gouchengquanfangwei、duotiaoli、duoyuanhuadekaifangxiezuokuanshi。ershiyuekaifangyueyaozhengshiningjing,yueyaojianguhaochengzhangheningjing,chulizengqiangbenshenxiezuocaineng、kaifangjixicaineng、weixianfangkongcaineng,lianjiujingangbuhuaizhishen。

  diliu,yigongjiangongzhitongxiangtuozhanshehuichengzhangxinchanghepaichang。xianshizhengshi,chengzhangqilaijinhoudetimububibuchengzhangshishao。woguoshehuibujuzhengzaichanshengshenqiebiangeng,hulianwangshenqiezhuanbianrenleilaiwangtili,shehuikanfa、shehuiyili、shehuixingdongchanshengshenqiebiangeng。“shisiwu”qijianruoheshunyingshehuibuju、shehuiganxi、shehuixingdongtili、shehuiyilidengshenqiebiangeng,wanchengjiabeichongshi、genggaopinzhideshiye,jianquanquanlonggai、keyanxudeshebaoxitong,qianghuadazhongweishenghejikongxitong,zengjinshengchichijiupinghengchengzhang,zengqiangshehuiguanli,huajieshehuidichu,yanhushehuibubian,douxuyaodangzhenyantaobingzuochushiminganpai。

  yigegudaihuadeshehui,yingdangjibumanhuoqiyoujubeijiechucixu,xianxianchuhuoqihecixuwujitongyi。yaowanmeigongjiangongzhitongxiangdeshehuiguanliguizhi,wanchengdangjuguanlitongshehuidiaoli、zhuminzizhiliangxinghudong,fuzhidashiyouze、dashijinze、dashixiangyoudeshehuiguanlipeiheti。yaozengqiangheliyixiacengshehuiguanli,shimeiyigeshehuixibaodouankanghuopo,jiangdichujiaogehuajiezaixiaceng,jiangdiaohebubianjianlizaixiaceng。yaojiabeizhongshiyanhushehuigongyungongli,zengjinrendezhouquanchengzhangheshehuizhouquanqianjin。

  yishangwozhongdianjianglejigetimu,hezhongchijiujingjishehuichengzhangchujideqiyutimu,danyuandashishenqiesilv,huodejinyibudeyantaogongxiao。

  2015nian11yue23ri,wozaizhangguanshibajiezhongjianzhengzhijudiershibacigerenjinxiushitedijiumakesizhuyizhengzhijingjixueyantaozuolefayan,bilai《qiushi》zazhibanfalezheipianfayan。engesishuo,wuchanjiecengzhengdangde“quanshuxianshilaiziduizhengzhijingjixuedeyantao”。lieningbazhengzhijingjixueshiweimakesizhuyixianshi“zuishenqie、zuizhouquan、zuixiangshidezhengshiheyingyong”。zanmenyaoyingyongmakesizhuyizhengzhijingjixuedefangshilun,shenqieduiwoguojingjichengzhangjilvdeshuxi,qianjindailingwoguojingjichengzhangcainenghechengdu。

  2020nian9yue16rizhi18ri,zhonggongzhongjianzongbugao、guoduzhuxi、zhongjianjunweizhuxixijinpingzaihunankaocha。zheishi17rixiazhanshu,xijinpingzaizhangshashijiangshanzhinengshebeigufenwuxiangongsichuchanchejian,guanchashebeizhizuoliucheng,tihuishouyiyanfa、chuchanzhizuohuanjing。xinhuashejizhelixueren/she

  xianshiyuanyuxianshi,youyonglaizhidianxianshi。dingxinkaifangyilai,zanmenshishizongjiexindehuopoxianshi,bushibiancexianshiliyi,zaichengzhanglinian、yiqiezhi、fenpaixitongtili、dangjubennengjineng、shichangjizhi、weiguandiaokong、caichanbuju、qiyeguanlibuju、minshengbaozheng、shehuiguanlidengyanzhongtimushangtichulehenduoshouyaojielun。bifang,duiyushehuizhuyishizhidexianshi,duiyushehuizhuyidijijieduangenjijingjiguizhidexianshi,duiyuliyi、diaohe、lvse、kaifang、tongxiangchengzhangdexianshi,duiyuchengzhangshehuizhuyishichangjingji、shishichangzaizibenshezhishebeibaishezhongqijueyixingganhuahegenghaochanyangdangjuganhuadexianshi,duiyuwoguojingjichengzhangjinruxinchangtai、shenqiegongyingcebujuxingdingxin、biancejingjigaopinzhichengzhangdexianshi,duiyubiancexinxingcaichanhua、xinxihua、chengzhenhua、nongyegudaihuatongbuchengzhanghediyudiaohechengzhangdexianshi,duiyunongrenchengbaodedipanjubeiyiqiequan、chengbaoquan、yunyingquanshuxingdexianshi,duiyuyonghaoguojiguojilianggeshichang、liangzhongzibendexianshi,duiyujiasugouchengyiguojidalunhuiweizhuti、guojiguojishuanglunhuibicizengjindexinchengzhangkuanshidexianshi,duiyuzengjinshehuigongyungongli、manmanwanchengquanbugongminpeihefuyudexianshi,duiyujianguchengzhangheningjingdexianshi,dengdeng。zheixiexianshigongxiao,buzhiwulizhidianlewoguojingjichengzhangxianshi,bingqiekaipilemakesizhuyizhengzhijingjixuexinjingdi。

  2020nian8yue18rizhi21ri,zhonggongzhongjianzongbugao、guoduzhuxi、zhongjianjunweizhuxixijinpingzaianhuishengkaocha。zheishi19rixiazhanshu,xijinpingzaihefeishianhuiliyiguanguanshang,tihuianhuikejiliyihechengzhangxinxingcaichanhuanjing。xinhuashejizheyanyan/she

  shiqiketishixianshiliyidequnengyuan。makesi、engesi、lieningdengdoushijingyoujinchengsilvhehuifushiqiketilaibiancexianshiliyide。cike,zaibotaopengpaidetianxiajingjidachaozhong,nengbunengzhangwohaowoguojingjizheisoudachuan,shiduizanmendangdeyanzhongmolian。mianduicuozongpangzadeguojiwaijingjiqingshi,mianduiwuhuabamendejingjijingxiang,jinxiutihuimakesizhuyizhengzhijingjixuegenjidaolihefangshilun,youyiyuzanmenzhangwomixindejingjichanfafangshi,shuxijingjihuodongjincheng,zhangwojingjichengzhangjilv,qianjinzhangwoshehuizhuyishichangjingjicaineng,jingquehuifuwoguojingjichengzhangdexianshihexianshitimu。xinshiqidingxinkaifangheshehuizhuyigudaihuafuzhidefengshuoxianshishixianshihezhengceyantaode“pinkuang”,woguojingjishehuifanchouxianshishimingzhedayoukewei。zheili,wojidashitijidiandanyuan。yishicongguoqingdongshen,congzhongguoxianshizhonglai、daozhongguoxianshizhongqu,balunwenxiezaiguguodadishang,shixianshihezhengceliyiheshizhongguoxianshi、jubeizhongguotedian,bushichengzhangzhongguotedianshehuizhuyizhengzhijingjixue、shehuixue。ershishenqiediaoyan,chazhenxiang、chushizhao,chongshifanyingxianshihuanjing,shixianshihezhengceliyiyougenyouju、heqinggongdao。sanshizhangwojilv,duizhimakesizhuyitaidu、gainian、fangshi,touguojingxiangkanshizhi,congduanshijiandongyaozhongqiecuochijiuquxiang,shixianshihezhengceliyichongshibiaoxianjinbuqianbeixinghemixinxing。sishijianliguojishixian,congzhongguohetianxiadejieqiahudongzhongqiecuorenleimianduidepeiheketi,weigoujianrenleiyunqipeihetijinxianzhongguocongming、zhongguojihua。

  ※这是习近平总布告2020年8月24日在经济社会范畴专家漫谈会上的发言。

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